Clean coal technology transfer - CO2 reduction in power generation, CCC/19

Author(s): Jan Vernon

Ref: CCC/19
ISBN: 92-9029-328-4
Published Date: 01/08/1999
No. of Tables: 1
No. of Figures: 4
No. of Pages: 24

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Significant greenhouse gas emissions reductions may be achieved by the use of clean coal technologies which increase the net efficiency of coal-fired power stations, so that less carbon dioxide (CO2 ) is emitted per unit of electricity generated. The net plant efficiency of coal-fired power generation in non-OECD countries is up to 10% lower than the 36% average in the OECD and even further below the 45% efficiency being reached with new supercritical PC and combined cycle technologies. Technology transfer is therefore the key to enabling non-OECD countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from power generation. The current use of coal for power generation in Asia, Eastern Europe, Africa and Latin America is examined, comparing the efficiency of coal-fired power generation with best practice achieved in OECD countries and assessing the implications for CO2 emissions. Opportunities for improving net efficiencies of coal-fired power generation for CO2 reduction are reviewed. Examples are given of technology transfer and diffusion projects, either completed or under way, and their contribution to efficiency improvements and reductions in emissions is described. Mechanisms included in the Kyoto Protocol, together with other forms of external assistance, can help overcome barriers to technology transfer through providing information on clean coal technologies, helping mobilise finance and absorbing some of the risks and contributing to institutional reform. Disseminating clear and impartial information on such projects to host countries, financiers, developers and others can be a significant part of this process.

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